Richard II ★★★✬☆


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Title: Richard II
Author: William Shakespeare
Rating: 3.5 of 5 Stars
Genre: Play
Pages: 99
Words: 27K



Synopsis:

From Wikipedia

The play spans only the last two years of Richard’s life, from 1398 to 1400. It begins with King Richard sitting majestically on his throne in full state, having been requested to arbitrate a dispute between Thomas Mowbray and Richard’s cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, later Henry IV, who has accused Mowbray of squandering money given to him by Richard for the king’s soldiers and of murdering Bolingbroke’s uncle, the Duke of Gloucester. Bolingbroke’s father, John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, meanwhile, believes it was Richard himself who was responsible for his brother’s murder. After several attempts to calm both men, Richard acquiesces and it is determined that the matter be resolved in the established method of trial by battle between Bolingbroke and Mowbray, despite the objections of Gaunt.

The tournament scene is very formal with a long, ceremonial introduction, but as the combatants are about to fight, Richard interrupts and sentences both to banishment from England. Bolingbroke is originally sentenced to ten years’ banishment, but Richard reduces this to six years upon seeing John of Gaunt’s grieving face, while Mowbray is banished permanently. The king’s decision can be seen as the first mistake in a series leading eventually to his overthrow and death, since it is an error which highlights many of his character flaws, displaying as it does indecisiveness (in terms of whether to allow the duel to go ahead), abruptness (Richard waits until the last possible moment to cancel the duel), and arbitrariness (there is no apparent reason why Bolingbroke should be allowed to return and Mowbray not). In addition, the decision fails to dispel the suspicions surrounding Richard’s involvement in the death of the Duke of Gloucester – in fact, by handling the situation so high-handedly and offering no coherent explanation for his reasoning, Richard only manages to appear more guilty. Mowbray predicts that the king will sooner or later fall at the hands of Bolingbroke.

John of Gaunt dies and Richard II seizes all of his land and money. This angers the nobility, who accuse Richard of wasting England’s money, of taking Gaunt’s money (belonging by rights to his son, Bolingbroke) to fund war in Ireland, of taxing the commoners, and of fining the nobles for crimes committed by their ancestors. They then help Bolingbroke to return secretly to England, with a plan to overthrow Richard II. There remain, however, subjects who continue to be faithful to the king, among them Bushy, Bagot, Green and the Duke of Aumerle (son of the Duke of York), cousin of both Richard and Bolingbroke. When King Richard leaves England to attend to the war in Ireland, Bolingbroke seizes the opportunity to assemble an army and invades the north coast of England. Executing both Bushy and Green, Bolingbroke wins over the Duke of York, whom Richard has left in charge of his government in his absence.

Upon Richard’s return, Bolingbroke not only reclaims his lands but lays claim to the very throne. Crowning himself King Henry IV, he has Richard taken prisoner to the castle of Pomfret. Aumerle and others plan a rebellion against the new king, but York discovers his son’s treachery and reveals it to Henry, who spares Aumerle as a result of the intercession of the Duchess of York while executing the other conspirators. After interpreting King Henry’s “living fear” as a reference to the still-living Richard, an ambitious nobleman (Exton) goes to the prison and murders him. King Henry repudiates the murderer and vows to journey to Jerusalem to cleanse himself of his part in Richard’s death.

My Thoughts:

Another good “history” play. I do wonder how close to actual history they hew or if Shakespeare and these plays were the “bastard histories” of yesteryear like the “historical movies” of today are. But not being a history buff nor ever planning on becoming one, I don’t care enough for it to really matter.

And I don’t have anything to say here. I enjoyed this and that was that. * dusts hands off *

Rating: 3.5 out of 5.

29 thoughts on “Richard II ★★★✬☆

        1. Shakespeare knew when he had a winner of a formula, and like all hacks throughout time, just did it over and over and over again.
          I was done with the Henry Franchise myself at V. VI-XX were just excessive in my opinion. I mean, XIX, Henry VS Richard In Space? Nobody wanted that!

          Liked by 1 person

    1. I wish I had lazy days! This past year our business wasn’t affected by covid (I am a land surveyor) and we were going gangbusters the whole time.
      I have to admit, there were times I was jealous of hearing about people going into lockdown for 2-3 weeks :-/

      You a Shakespeare afficianado or is it more from a movie standpoint?

      Like

      1. Some businesses are very busy through the pandemic. It’s feast or famine. One of the curious (or not-so-curious) booms has been in family law. I have a friend who works in a family law office and she says they’re being run off their feet. Everyone wants a divorce.

        I love reading Shakespeare. Hoping to do a round-up of Shakespeare movies on my site sometime this year.

        Liked by 1 person

        1. I saw a statistic where domestic violence was up like 200%, so I’m not surprised the divorce rate is up too.

          Do you read him out loud, on a stage or anything? Or just like a novel?

          Like

          1. Like a novel. Though I do sometimes try out certain speeches.

            My friend said the domestic violence was part of the rise in divorce cases, but another big problem was that people could no longer get together with their lovers for release, and were only now finding out how much they disliked their spouses.

            Liked by 1 person

            1. Makes you wonder why they got married in the first place then. Mrs B and I are best friends now and were good friends before we ever got romantically involved. I feel bad for those people 😦

              I try to read a little bit of each play out loud, just I have the rhythm and metre down.

              Liked by 2 people

  1. I know you don’t care, but for completeness it’s generally accepted by historians that his Richard II is historically correct. I liked his Merchant of Venice and Midsummer Night Dream best. Haven’t read him for a longtime in spite of having the complete works. Glad you enjoyed it.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. I loved this one but I think it’s because I both listened to the audiobook with Rupert Graves reading Richard II’s part and saw The Hollow Crown (if you haven’t see it, it’s fabulous) Richard II. Some of Richard’s monologues were breathtaking! You’re inspiring me to get back to my Shakespeare reading. Yay!

    Liked by 2 people

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